Harper's Weekly 01/17/1863
By the President of the United States of
Whereas, on the twenty-second day of September, in
the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and six-
ty-two, a Proclamation was issued by the President of the
United States, containing, among other things, the fol-
lowing, to wit:
“That on the first day of January, in the year of our Lord one
thousand eight hundred and sixty-three, all persons held as slaves
within any State or designated part of a State, the people whereof
shall then be in rebellion against the United States, shall be then,
thenceforth, and forever free, and the Executive Government of the
United States, including the military and naval authority thereof,
will recognize and maintain the freedom of such persons, and will
do no act or acts to repress such persons or any of them in any effort
they may make for their actual freedom.
“That the Executive will, on the first day of January & oresaid,
by &, designate the States and parts of States, if any, in
which the people therein respectively shall then be in rebellion
against the United States; and the fact that any State or the people
thereof shall on that day be in good faith represented in the Con-
gress of the United States by members chosen thereto at elections
wherein a majority of the qualified voters of such State shall have
participated shall, in the absence of strong countervailing testimo-
ny, be deemed conclusive evidence that such State and the people
thereof are not then in rebellion against the United States.”
Now, therefore, I, Abraham Lincoln, President of the
United States, by virtue of the power in me vested as
Commander-in-Chief of the army and navy of the United
States, in time of actual armed rebellion against the au-
thority and government of the United States, and as a fit
and necessary war measure for suppressing said rebellion,
do, on this first day of January, in the year of our Lord
one thousand eight hundred and sixty-three, and in ac-
cordance with my purpose so to do publicly proclaimed for
the full period of one hundred days from the day of the
first above-mentioned order, and designate as the States
and parts of States wherein the people thereof respective-
ly are this day in rebellion against the United States the
following, to wit: Arkansas, Texas, Louisiana—except
the parishes of St. Bernard, Placquemines, Jefferson, St.
John, St. Charles, St. James, Ascension, Assumption,
Terre Bonne, Lafourche, St. Mary, St. Martin, and Or-
leans, including the city of New Orleans—Mississippi,
Alabama, Florida, Georgia, South Carolina, North Caro-
lina, and Virginia—except the forty-eight counties desig-
nated as West Virginia, and also the counties of Berkeley,
Accomac, Northampton, Elizabeth City, York, Princess
Ann, and Norfolk, including the cities of Norfolk and
Portsmouth, and which excepted parts are, for the pres-
ent, left precisely as if this proclamation were not issued.
And by virtue of the power and for the purpose afore-
said, I do order and declare that all persons held as slaves
within said designated States and parts of States are and
henceforward shall be free; and that the executive gov-
ernment of the United States, including the military and
naval authorities thereof, will recognize and maintain the
freedom of said persons.
And I hereby enjoin upon the people so declared to be
free to abstain from all violence, unless in necessary self-
defense; and I recommend to them that in all cases, when
allowed, they labor faithfully for reasonable wages.
And I further declare and make known that such per-
sons, of suitable condition, will be received into the armed
service of the United States, to garrison forts, positions,
stations, and other places, and to man vessels of all sorts
in said service.
And upon this, sincerely believed to be an act of jus-
tice, warranted by the Constitution, upon military neces-
sity, I invoke the considerate judgment of mankind and
the gracious favor of Almighty God.
In witness whereof I have hereunto set my hand and
caused the seal of the United States to be affixed.
Done at the city of Washington, this first day of January,
in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and
sixty-three, and of the independence of the United
States of America the eighty-seventh.
By the President:
William H. Seward, Secretary of State.