Harper's Weekly 10/04/1862
THE ABOLITION OF SLAVERY.
Washington, Monday, September 22.
By the President of the United States of America:
I, Abraham Lincoln, President of the United States
of America, and Commander-in-Chief of the Army and
Navy thereof, do hereby proclaim and declare, that here-
after, as heretofore, the war will be prosecuted for the ob-
ject of practically restoring the constitutional relation be-
tween the United States and the people thereof in which
States that relation is or may be suspended or disturbed;
that it is my purpose, upon the next meeting of Congress,
to again recommend the adoption of a practical measure
tendering pecuniary aid to the free acceptance or rejection
of all the Slave States so called, the people whereof may
not then be in rebellion against the United States, and
which States may then have voluntarily adopted, or there-
after may voluntarily adopt, the immediate or gradual
abolishment of Slavery within their respective limits; and
that the efforts to colonize persons of African descent with
their consent, upon the continent or elsewhere, with the
previously obtained consent of the Governments existing
there will be continued.
That on the first day of January, in the year of our
Lord one thousand eight hundred and sixty-three, all per-
sons held as slaves within any State, or any designated
part of a State, the people whereof shall then be in rebell-
ion against the United States shall be then, henceforward,
and forever, free; and the Executive Government of the
United States, including the military and naval authority
thereof, will recognize and maintain the freedom of such
persons, and will do no act or acts to repress such persons,
or any of them, in any efforts they may make for their
That the Executive will, on the first day of January
aforesaid, by proclamation, designate the States and parts
of States, if any, in which the people thereof, respectively,
shall then be in rebellion against the United States and
the fact that any State, or the people thereof, shall on that
day be in good faith represented in the Congress of the
United States by members chosen thereto at elections
wherein a majority of the qualified voters of such State
shall have participated, shall, in the absence of strong
countervailing testimony, be deemed conclusive evidence
that such State and the people thereof have not been in
rebellion against the United States.
That attention is hereby called to an act of Congress
entitled “An act to make an additional article of war,”
approved March 13, 1862, and which act is in the words
and figure following:
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the
United States of America in Congress assembled, That hereafter the
following shall be promulgated as an additional article of war
for the government of the army of the United States, and shall be
obeyed and observed as such.
Article—All officers or persons in the military or naval service
of the United States are prohibited from employing any of the forces
under their respective commands for the purpose of returning fugi-
tives from service or labor who may have escaped from any person
to whom such service or labor is claimed to be due, and any officer
who shall be found guilty by a Court-Martial of violating this arti-
cle shall be dismissed from the service.
Section 2. And be it further enacted, that this act shall take effect
from and after its passage.
Also to the ninth and tenth sections of an act entitled,
“An act to suppress insurrection, to punish treason and
rebellion, to seize and confiscate property of rebels, and for
other purposes,” approved July 17, 1862, and which sec-
tions are in the words and figures following:
Sec. 9. And be it further enacted. That all slaves of persons who
shall hereafter be engaged in rebellion against the Government of
the United States, or who shall, in any way give also comfort
thereto, escaping from such persons and taking refuge within the
lines of the army, and all slaves captured from such persons or de-
serted by them, and coming under the control of the Government of
the United States, and all slaves of such persons found on for being
within) any place occured by rebel forces and afterward occupied
by the forces of the United States, shall be deemed captures of war
and shall be forever free of their servitude and not again held as
Sec. 10. And be it further enacted, That no slave escaping into any
State, Territory, or the District of Columbia, from any of the States,
shall be delivered up, or in any way impeded or hindered of his lib-
erty, except for crime or some offense against the laws, unless the
person claiming said fugitive shall first make oath that the person to
whom the labor or service of such fugitive is alleged to be due is his
lawful owner, and has not been in arms against the United States in
the present rebellion, nor in any way given aid and comfort thereto,
and no person engaged in the military or naval service of the United
States shall, under any pretense whatever, assume to decide on the
validity of the claim of any person to the service or labor of any
other person, or surrender up any such person to the claimant, on
pain of being dismissed from the service.
And I do hereby enjoin upon and order all persons en-
gaged in the military and naval service of the United
States, to observe, obey, and enforce, within their respec-
tive spheres of service, the act and sections above recited.
And the Executive will in due time recommend that all
citizens of the United States who shall have remained
loyal thereto throughout the rebellion, shall (upon the res-
toration of the constitutional relation between the United
States and their respective States and people, if the rela-
tion shall have been suspended or disturbed), be compen-
sated for all losses by acts of the United States, including
the loss of slaves.
In witness whereof, I have hereunto set my hand, and
caused the seal of the United States to be affixed.
Done at the City of Washington, this Twenty-second
day of September, in the year of our Lord one thousand
eight hundred and sixty-two, and of the Independence of
the United States the eighty-seventh.
By the President.
William H. Seward, Secretary of State.